Tennis Elbow – Causes And Treatment
"Tennis elbow" is a common term for a condition caused by overuse of arm and forearm muscles that results in elbow pain. You don’t have to ply tennis to get this, but the term came into use because it can be a significant problem for some tennis players.
Tennis elbow is caused by either abrupt or subtle injury of the muscle and tendon area around the outside of the elbow. Tennis elbow specifically involves the area where the muscles and tendons of the forearm attach to the outside bony area (called the epicondyle) of the elbow. Your doctor may call this condition lateral epicondylitis. Another common term, "golfer’s elbow," refers to the same process occurring on the inside of the elbowwhat your doctor may call medial epicondylitis. Overuse injury can also affect the back or posterior part of the elbow as well.
The pain caused by tennis elbow normally lasts for 6 to 12 weeks. Some people have pain for as little as 3 weeks, while others may experience discomfort in the elbow joint for several years.
Tennis elbow symptoms usually begin gradually. The main symptom is pain, which may begin with a dull aching or soreness on the outer part of the elbow that goes away within 24 hours after an activity. As time goes on, it may take longer for the pain to go away. The condition may further progress to pain with any movement, even during everyday activities, such as lifting a jug of milk. Pain may spread to the hand, other parts of the arm, shoulder, or neck (referred pain).
Tennis elbow Causes
Tennis elbow is an overuse injury. It’s caused by repeated contraction of the forearm muscles that you use to straighten and raise your hand and wrist. The repeated motions and stress to the tissue may result in inflammation or a series of tiny tears in the tendons that attach the forearm muscles to the bone at the outside of your elbow.
Tennis Elbow Treatment
Tennis elbow is the common name for the inflammation of the tendons (also know as tendonitis ) attached to the lateral, or outside, of the elbow at the bony bump of the humerus.
( upper arm bone ). The medical term for this bony prominence is called the lateral epicondyle, which is the reason that the condition is also refered to as ‘lateral epicondylitis’. The muscles that move the wrist and fingers attach to a tendon that is connected to the bone structure in this area.
Tennis elbow patients suffer experience pain on the outer or top part of the elbow. This pain may be experienced farther up the forearm and occasionally even in the hand.
The pain is felt during grasping activities and may be accompanied by a feeling of weakness. Sufferers may have an dull ache in the area that is present at rest or at night after activity. Once the tendons become irritated and inflammed is it difficult for them to heal on their own because these tendons are constantly used every time the hand grips or squeezed anything.
By: James Sameul
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